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Nigerian indigenous cocks and hens exhibited lower BRE than others, except F‐α cock. Serum samples were collected at 24 and 35 weeks of age, then classified by total egg number into four groups according to mean+/-1S.D. Native poultry breeds of East-European countries suffered considerable losses during the Second World War and as a result of the "socialization" of agriculture. Chicks weights were monitored weekly. These results are published and available to the farmers who want to keep certain types of chickens. Eight healthy multiparous non gravid West African Dwarf (WAD) ewes and two sexually matured rams intensively managed on grass, fed concentrate and water (ad libitum) were used in this study. Two broiler stocks were studied; each was segregated for four genotypes with regard to the genes for naked neck (Na) and frizzled feathers (F): heterozygous naked neck (Na/na f/f), heterozygous frizzle (na/na F/f), double heterozygous (Na/na F/f), and normally feathered (na/na f/f). In contrast, laying hens had significantly (p < .001) higher RR and HSI than cocks. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. One stock had a high growth rate (GR) similar to current commercial broilers, whereas the second stock had a lower GR. Limited reports are available on the molecular characterization of Nigerian indigenous chickens, it is necessary to determine genetic distance between or within indigenous naked neck, frizzled and normal feathered chicken populations for future breeding plans. The study covered three districts (Bijapur, Belagaum and Dharawad).The parameters included feather morphology, feather distribution, plumage colour, primary plumage pattern, secondary plumage pattern, skin colour, shank colour, ear lobe colour, comb type and colour and eye colour as per NBAGR proforma. Hatching rate was 70.5±10.6% ranging from 30-90% (n=250). Artificial inseminations, using semen extended with the better of the two test diluents (P1 C9 ) and egg-yolk citrate (EYC) at 6 hours post extension were carried out. Box 165, Jinka, Ethiopia. Heart rate was positively correlated with WAT (r = .608) and WIN (r = .697) in F‐α, and WIN (r = .512) in TNN chickens. Birds kept in deep litter system had higher least squares means values than ones in cage system of management. The present work suggest that the potential of thermoregulatory Naked-neck and frizzle genes to improve body weight and body size may not be realized in Nigerian local chickens because of their small body size which confers them with a general adaptation. The sustainable management, utilization and conservation of a particular population of domestic animals require its characterization. In their commentary, Pimm and Lawton discuss the use of these algorithms for making conservation choices. A. Ibrahim Abstract : The study was carried out to assess the fertility, early and late embryonic mortalities as well as hatchability by strain, season and hen’s weight in Nigerian indigenous chickens reared on deep litter. However, the initial trigger for the adoption of domestic chickens by African communities, as it has been assumed for the initial domestication of the chicken in Asia, could have been for socio-culture and/ or recreation (e.g. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. The mean number of mature birds and breeding females per household was 7.4±0.22 and 5.4±0.17, respectively, with a male to female ratio of 1:2.5. The frizzling and naked neck genes conferred better feed conversion, growth rate, feed efficiency and dressing percentage than the normal feathered chicken. October 2010; Asian Journal of Poultry Science 4(4):2010; DOI: … 6. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. Results showed that least square means of live weight, wing and shank length, body, thigh and toe length, beak length and breast breadth of the Fulani ecotype were generally higher (P<0.01) than those of the Yoruba ecotype. Flock characteristics and performance, Egg traits, hatchability and early growth performance of the Fulani-ecotype chicken, Morphometric differentiation and asessment of function of the fulani and yoruba ecotype indigenous chickens of Nigeria, Indigenous naked neck chicken: A valuable genetic resource for Bangladesh, Bone Morphogenetic Protein 3 (BMP3) Gene Variation in some Livestock Animals, Livestock breeding practices and trait and breed preferences, Association of serum protein levels with egg productivity in Taiwan red-feathered country chickens. However, they all asserted that the Nigerian indigenous chicken is generally a light breed, and a good scavenger with high adaptive fitness to the prevailing climatic conditions. The feather structure and feather distribution genes are well adaptive to the harsh tropical environment; survive on low energy feed, highly resistant to diseases and superior to their exotic counterparts. Reduced feather coverage, either by decreased number or by modified shape, may help birds to dissipate internal heat more efficiently. Except the body weight (P<0.01) no significant results were observed for sex(s) as well as interaction between treatment and sex effect for all other meat yield parameters. A total of 160 eggs obtained from a population of Nigerian heavy chicken ecotype (NHCE) hens aged 50 weeks were used. Alewi et al. Mean chick weight increased by more than eleven times within the first eight weeks of life. The two sexes could adapt to the tropical region. Fertility percent, live germs at 18th day and percent hatchability were 76 percent, 75 percent, and 47 percent, respectively. Abstract: Blood samples from 184 adult indigenous Nigerian chickens were collected at three locations in Ibadan, Nigeria. In study one, 30 eggs were used to evaluate thirteen internal and external egg traits including egg weight, egg length, egg width, egg index, yolk weight, yolk height, yolk diameter, shell weight, shell thickness, albumen height, albumen weight, haugh unit and egg index. This tool box will continue to improve as new methods and more rapid and less expensive methodologies are developed. The occurrence of feather pecking and cannibalism in LAB make this particular Labresse cross questionable for meat-type poultry production. Three studies were conducted to evaluate Fulani-ecotype chicken for egg, hatchability and growth traits. Hire a project writer. Thecomb of males was more prominent than those of the females. Although the correlation between those protein levels and the total egg number was not significant at the time of initial egg production, the selection strategy of those protein levels at later stages of egg production should provide a screening model to improve selection. The role of these ALV-E field, An attempt was made to investigate the responses of broiler to feed the compound feeds of different feed mills located in Bangladesh. In Africa, village poultry contributes over 70% of … Indigenous/native breeds of chickens are playing an important role in rural economies in most of the developing and underdeveloped countries. Study regions and corresponding market sheds differed significantly in the number of chicken owned per household. This study aimed at assessing the impact of the African Chicken Genetic Gains project on the livelihoods, and food security of smallholder poultry farmers in Nigeria. 3. MUHLE … Body size parameters measured were body length, body girth, wing length, keel length, shank length, shank diameter and toe length. The results of the study revealed that, despite no significant (p>0.05) differences in all the studied strains in HDP, HHEP and FPP values, Noiler chicken strain recorded highest HDP, HHEP and FPP numerical values of 6.12±4.85, 6.11±4.94 and 4.33±0.32 respectively. Consequently, IVCs cover incidental expenses, economically empower women, and support the livelihood of disadvantaged groups. Consumers prefer the meat and eggs of INN chickens for reasons of pigmentation, leanness, taste, firmness, and they are also used in special dishes. well as same management and environment were provided for all the treatments. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. IVCs lay few eggs (~ 40 to 60 annually) and have small body weights (~ 1.6 kg for adult cock) and low growth rates; nevertheless, they offer multiple as well as unique products and services. [3]: http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/short/279/5359/2060. The response of the Nigerian indigenous chicken (Gallus domesticus) to trypanosomes. Nigerian indigenous chicken. In the survey study a total of eight hundred and ten birds (810), 270 males and 540 females, mature indigenous chicken were randomly sampled from the study area and in the evaluation under farm conditions a total of one hundred and sixty birds (160), 24 males and 136 females from each district were selected for morphological characterization. The genetic effects of sex on body weight and body size parameters were about the same except that the values for female were negative. In addition, a recall survey was conducted to develop hen performance history. COMPARATIVE SURVIVABILITY AND FERTILITY POTENTIALS OF OVINE SPERMATOZOA STORED IN EGG YOLK CITRATE AND MIXED VEGETATIVE EXTENDERS AT ROOM TEMPERATURE, Production performance and survivability of six dual-purpose breeds of chicken under smallholder farmers' management practices in Nigeria, Comparative assessment of laying performance of indigenous and commercial chicken strains under intensive management system, CARCASS TRAITS VARIATION IN NIGERIAN LOCAL AND IMPROVED CHICKENS AS INFLUENCED BY BREED AND SEX, Effect of sex, polydactylism and rearing system on carcass parameters of Fulani- ecotype chickens in Southwestern Nigeria, Phenotypic Characterization of Indigenous Chicken of Belagaum Division of Karnataka State, India, Comparative study of adaptation in three chicken genotypes under humid tropical conditions of Nigeria, Impact assessment of improved chicken genetics on livelihoods and food security of smallholder poultry farmers in Nigeria, Local Chicken Breeds of Africa: Their Description, Uses and Conservation Methods, Indigenous village chicken production: a tool for poverty alleviation, the empowerment of women, and rural development, Frequency and influence of some major genes on body weight and body size parameters of Nigerian local chickens, Poultry genetic resources in the countries of Eastern Europe - History and current state, Molecular genetics in a modern poultry breeding organization, The effects of naked-neck (Na) and frizzle (F) genes on growth and meat yield of broilers, and their interactions with ambient temperatures and potential growth rate, Genetic evaluation of growth traits in crosses between two ecotypes of Nigerian local chicken, Village chicken production systems in Ethiopia: 1. Its good shell thickness may be exploited in reducing losses due to cracked eggs. These indigenous hen eggs are mostly hatched into chicks and sometimes are wasted due to improper care given by the owners. laying. There has been a research gap in the genetic, physiological, and nutritional aspects of indigenous chickens of Africa over the past decade. Several studies have been conducted on the nutritional requirements of local chickens, but the results were inconclusive and contradictory. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. The results showed that average household monthly income from egg sales increased by 231% from N 3,020 ($ 14) to N 7,750 ($ 36) and when cocks were sold, N 8,400 ($ 39) was added to household income. Materials and methods. Data from this study provided an additional piece of experimental evidence on the potency of nonpathogenic ALV-E, MDV-2, and ALV-E plus MDV-2 in boosting the incidence of LL-like lymphomas in susceptible chickens. Significant differences were obtained for meat yield parameters such as body weight, blood loss, shank weight, liver weight, abdominal fat, dressed carcass and edible carcass weight. The allelic frequencies vary from location to location in both the Tiv and the Fulani ecotypes. In Nigeria (lying between latitude 4 and 13 o N and longitude 2 and 14 o E; mean temperature 26.7°C), the local chickens including those in possession of major (normal feather (na), naked neck (Na) and frizzle feather (FF)) genes are known to possess higher thermotolerance (Adedeji, Amao, Ogundairo, & Fasoyin, 2015;Adeleke et al., 2011;Isidahomen, Njidda, & Olatunji, 2012) than most of the imported exotic genotypes. Dressing percentage than the normal feathered chicken Nigeria: their characteristics, HUSBANDRY productivity! Enterprise is not given priority for intervention towards improving farmer ’ s income in this issue of (. 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